- Journal Archives
- Volume 19
- Volume 18
- Volume 17
- Volume 16
- Volume 15
- Volume 14
- Volume 13
- Volume 12
- Volume 11
- Volume 10
- Volume 9
- Volume 8
- Volume 7
- Volume 6
- Volume 5
- Volume 4
- Volume 3
- Volume 2
- Volume 1
With the highly anticipated release of Apple’s new iPhone comes an unexpected constitutional law question.
Apple’s iPhone 5 allows users to unlock the phone with their fingerprints. Many commentators have been quick to point out the economic and scientific implications of this new technology, but Attorney Marcia Hofmann pointed out that there are equally noteworthy legal effects of moving from PINs or passwords to fingerprints.
Hofmann suggests that biometric authentication may create problems under the Fifth Amendment, which provides that “no person shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself.” While this protection applies to memory-based passwords and PINs, which are stored in an individual’s memory, it is possible that the rules will be different for biometric authentication because fingerprints are simply biological.
This distinction between what an individual “knows” (which can qualify as protected “testimonial” disclosures) and what an individual biologically “is” may turn out to be critical. Under United States v. Hubbell, 530 U.S. 27 (2000), the Fifth Amendment prevents judges from forcing individuals to disclose self-incriminating information (such as a password or PIN), but courts have held that it does not prevent the government from collecting biological data such as fingerprints, DNA samples, and voice samples.
Hoffman suggests that the easiest fix would be to give users the option to require both fingerprint authentication and a PIN or password. Since the latter would fall within the currently protected category of something the individual knows. Of course, while this may better protect private information, it also precludes easily unlocking your phone with the tap of a finger.
What do you think? Should biometric authentication be afforded the same protections currently enjoyed by PINs and passwords? How can users protect themselves while still enjoying the benefits of biometric authentication?
Recent Blog Posts
- EPA Issues 2017 Renewable Fuel Targets Amid RINs Market’s Uncertain Future
- Cell Phone Firmware Avoids Anti-virus Scans, Sends Private Data to China
- The Consumer Review Fairness Act: Protecting Consumers Who Post Negative Reviews On The Internet
- Google Fiber Nashville Litigation
- Brexit and the Future of UK Sports
- The U.S. is Losing the Economic Drone War
Tagsadvertising antitrust Apple books career celebrities contracts copyright copyright infringement courts creative content criminal law entertainment Facebook FCC film/television financial First Amendment games Google government intellectual property internet JETLaw journalism lawsuits legislation media medicine Monday Morning JETLawg music NFL patents privacy progress publicity rights radio social networking sports Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) technology telecommunications trademarks Twitter U.S. Constitution